Slavery

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*Descendents Mark Legacy of Black Patriots. (who fought in Revolutionary War) ''Boston Globe'' 4/9/2000, p.7(Northwest Section.
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*"Descendents Mark Legacy of Black Patriots," ''Boston Globe'', April 9, 2000, p.7(Northwest Section).
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*"Underground. Historian: Not Everyone in Andover Backed Abolution of Slavery Before the Civil War," ''Andover Townsman'', July 17, 2003, p. 11, 12.
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*Underground. Historian: Not Everyone in Andover Backed Abolution of Slavery Before the Civil War. (Julie Mofford researched historical material form the Andover Historical Society for exhibit on slavery and abolition efforts in Andover) ''Andover Townsman'', July 17, 2003, p. 11, 12.
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*[http://www.andovertownsman.com/local/x1771108225/Andover-Stories-Cato-Freeman-slavery-and-prejudice-in-early-Andover Prejudice in Early Andover.] by Katie Gohn.
*[http://www.andovertownsman.com/local/x1771108225/Andover-Stories-Cato-Freeman-slavery-and-prejudice-in-early-Andover Prejudice in Early Andover.] by Katie Gohn.

Revision as of 19:50, February 25, 2013

Before slavery was abolished in Massachusetts in 1783, many affluent Andover families did own slaves. Three well known freed slaves were Cato Freeman,Pompey Lovejoy, and Salem Poor.

Freeman had been owned by Deacon Samuel Phillips before he married and purchased a 16 acre farm.

Pomp's Pond is named for Pomp Lovejoy, a former slave of Captain William Lovejoy.

Salem Poor bought his freedom in 1769 and went on to fight in the Revolutionary War. He was much praised for his actions at the Battle of Bunker Hill. He went on to fight at Saratoga, Valley Forge, and Monmouth, as well as other battles.

Pomp, a slave of David Abbot who was born free, appealed to the Andover selectmen when Massachusetts had abolished slavery and other slaves were suing for their freedom. The selectmen gave Pomp, still a slave, to Captain Charles Furbish, who proved a harsh master. Pomp murdered his new master, thinking he would inherit Furbish's farm. Pomp was executed in 1795.

Caesar Russell, Prince Johnnot, Cato Foster, and Cato Freeman (or Freman) fought in the Revolutionary War.

See






  • "Descendents Mark Legacy of Black Patriots," Boston Globe, April 9, 2000, p.7(Northwest Section).
  • "Underground. Historian: Not Everyone in Andover Backed Abolution of Slavery Before the Civil War," Andover Townsman, July 17, 2003, p. 11, 12.
  • "Slavery Did Exist in Early Andover (Lucy Foster and census number of blacks)," Andover Townsman, July, 26, 2012, p. 16
  • "Abolitionism in Andover," Andover Townsman, August 2, 2012, p.15
  • "Anti-Slavery Movement was Active in Andover," Andover Townsman, June 20,1996, p.20
  • "Salem Poor's heroism and disappointing life," Andover Townsman, February 7, 2013, p.11.


--Eleanor 14:40, August 28, 2007
--Leslie 10:25, September 11, 2012 (EDT)

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