Andover Historic Preservation


33 CENTRAL ST33 central st (click to enlarge)

33 CENTRAL ST

architectural description

NRDIS NRMRA

Style: Richardsonian

Other features: burial ground at rear considered one of the finest examples of Romanesque church architecture.

historical narrative

Present owner: Christ Church, Diocese of Massachusetts

Original owner: same as present

Subsequent uses: Parish Hall - school for physically handicapped (1973 - present)

Themes: Architectural, Community development, Religion, Social/humanitarian

Historical significance: Abraham Morland?? (1772 - 1849) emigrated from England in 1801. "I solemly? vow to my God and Savior that I shall plant my mother's church somewhere in America, if I prosper," he said, and prosper he did, eventually heading the Marland Manufacturing Co. incorporated 1834. He resolved there would be an Episcopal church in Andover" even if the whole cost of it were born by myself alone." Christ Church was established in 1833, with first services held at South Church and the Masonic Hall meeting rooms. The first church building, further up Central Street towards Elm Square, was a neoclassic, wooden structure with four fluted columns and a wooden bell tower. Marland paid $6,000 to realize his dream, and gave the land on which the church was erected. This church was consecrated Oct. 31, 1837?? and the Rev. Samuel Fuller, a graduate of the Andover Theological Seminary, was instituted its first minister Nov. 1, 1837. Marland, his two sons and son-inlaw, Benjamin Punchard, were the church's chief promoters. Abraham Marland also gave the parsonage lot, built the first rectory, while his son John is credited with giving the burial ground behind.
The original building burned and the present building, designed by Hartwell & Richardson and built in 1887, is still considered one of the finest examples of Romanesque churches in New England.

The present building was primarily the gift of John Byers. The modern educational wing (1966) is an excellent blending of the old and the new, with the tans and browns of the old structure carried over in the new addition with stucco and wood.

bibliography/references

"History of the Parish of the Christ Church", from its origin to the present time, June 1854, Andover: John S. Flagg

"Semi-Centennial Celebration of Christ Church, Andover, Mass." All Saints Day, 1885, Andover: W. F. Draper, 1886

"Consecration of Christ Church, Andover". Tuesday, Jan. 4, 1887. Boston: T. R. Marvin & Son, 1887

Patterson, Frances W. The Parish of the Christ Church, Andover, Diocese of Mass., 1833 - 1975: " Walking Together From the Past Into the Future", An Historical Sketch of the Parish of Christ Church, Andover, 1975

inventory data

Table: Inventory Data for 33 CENTRAL ST
Place: Andover Center
Historic District: Not Applicable
Address: 33 central st
Historic Name: Christ Episcopal Church
Present Use: Episcopal church
Original Use: Episcopal church
Date of Construction: 1887
Source: cornerstone/see bibliography
Style/Form: Other
Architect/Builder: Hartwell & Richardson
Foundation:
Wall/Trim: stone on masonry
Roof:
Outbuildings / Secondary Structures parish hall
Major Alterations: addition (1966)
Condition:
Moved:
Demolished:
Acreage: Lot size: 3.1 acres; approx. frontage: School Street - 560', Central Street - 260'
Setting:
MHC inventory number: ANV.109
Recorded by: Stack/Mofford
Organization: Andover Historical Commission
Date: August 1977

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