Andover Historic Preservation


20 MAIN ST20 main st (click to enlarge)

20 MAIN ST

architectural description

NRIND NRMRA

Other notes: Bankroft & Cailahan contractors paid $560.

Other features: good and substantial brick edifice, 55' wide and 86' long, two stories high; edifice comprises a spacious hall in the second story with a small gallery & four anterooms.

historical narrative

Present owner: Town of Andover

Themes: architectural, community development, political

Historical significance: First town meetings after the division of Andover and North Andover (April 10, 1855) were held in the furniture warerooms of Henry F. Barnard. Building of town hall followed soon after 1855 separation. Andoverites previously had to go to North Andover to transact town business. Article 21, Warrant for meeting on March 3, 1856: "To procure a site and plan for creation of said house a sum not exceeding fifteen thousand dollars ... to defray cost of said town house committee: Peter Smith, Jacob Chikering, Nathaniel Swift, John Dove, William Jenkins bargaining with W. Phillip Foster for a lot of land on easterly side of Main Street, between the dwelling house formerly of Jacob Shed, deceased and Buck House formerly occupied by Benjamin Abbott, deceased ..."
Building designed by Theodor Voelkers (or Volkers) a Boston architect. Abbott and Clement were the builders. Total cost for land and building was about $15,500.

Many older Andover residents remember the gala George Washington balls held annually in the ballroom which extended the length of the building and comprised the second floor. In the late 1920s, this ballroom was divided into functional offices and the high second floor divided to make a third floor.

Other notes:
1852 Richardson Residence
1872 "
1884 - 1896 not listed
1906 Town Hall
1926 - 1953 not listed
1957 Town Hall
1992 Visitor Center, US Postal Service branch

bibliography/references

1980 National Register

Andover Advertiser: May 29, 1858
Dec. 25, 1858
Jan. 1, 1859

Andover Historical Society files

See Institutions, Town "Town House"

Directories 1926, 1932, 1943, 1953

Maps 1852, 1872, 1884, 1896, 1906, 1930

inventory data

Table: Inventory Data for 20 MAIN ST
Place: Andover Center
Historic District: Not Applicable
Address: 20 main st
Historic Name: Andover Town Hall
Present Use: Andover Visitor Center, US Postal Office branch
Original Use: Town House
Date of Construction: before 1858
Source: Andover Advertiser
Style/Form: Romanesque Revival
Architect/Builder: Theodore Voelckers; builders Abbott & Clement; Fasenham & Giles did mason work
Foundation:
Wall/Trim: red brick
Roof:
Outbuildings / Secondary Structures
Major Alterations: tower added in 1863 Interior altered 1920's
Condition:
Moved:
Demolished:
Acreage: less than one acre; lot size: 980 sq ft; approx. frontage: 382'
Setting:
MHC inventory number: ANV.326
Recorded by: Stack/Mofford; Brian Lee
Organization: Andover Historical Commission
Date: August 1977; July 1992

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