Andover Historic Preservation

12 ESSEX ST12 essex st (click to enlarge)


architectural description

Federel and Second Empire. Front of house - 2 stories Federal, mansard roof and large addition (later) behind for apartments.

historical narrative

Present owner William J. Dalton. Original owner Major Gamaliel Gleason. Subsequent uses, offices-professional property management 1970's. Themes, Architectural, Community development.
Jacob Chickering was builder-window ballastrades are typical of his style. Gleason was mason, so he presumeably did brick work and helped design his own residence. Mansard roof was a later addition to Federal style of original house, probably added 1870's as was cornice. Undated note in Chickering's accounts: "Mrs. G. Gleason's House roof: Cupola 6 1/2 ' x 6 1/2 ' - July 12 - 2 days put up the frame and boarded the roof compleat/carving ballustrade - 13 3/4 days labor/ sawed 3 ballistrades at once, in 10 minutes a bunch". Known as "Squire Foster's of ice" in 1845.


Andover Historical Society files
Chickering, Jacob; Accounts, Records - No. Andover Historical Society- Merrimac Valley Textile Museum
Poore, Dr. Alfred: " A Genealogical - Historical Visitation of Andover in year 1863; Essex Institute of Historic Collection, vol. XLIX, 1913 July.
Charlotte Helen Abbot; "Historical Andover" - notes in Andover Historical files
Andover Townsman; Sept. 9, 1976 and Oct. 23, 1914

inventory data

Table: Inventory Data for 12 ESSEX ST
Place: Andover Center
Historic District: Not Applicable
Address: 12 essex st
Historic Name: Gleason, Maj. Gamaliel House
Present Use: office space - law office
Original Use: residence
Date of Construction: 1834
Source: Charlotte Helen Abbott and Alfred Poore
Style/Form: Federal
Architect/Builder: Jacob Chickering builder
Wall/Trim: brick
Outbuildings / Secondary Structures
Major Alterations: new roof and cornice c. 1880's
Acreage: less than one acre, 17,640 sq. ft. 103 ft. approximate frontage
MHC inventory number: ANV.190
Recorded by: Stack/Mofford
Organization: Andover Historical Commission
Date: 1975-77

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